This book is a concise, comprehensive and up-to-date account of fundamental concepts and potential applications of biological timekeeping mechanisms in animals and humans. It also discusses significant aspects of the organization and importance of timekeeping mechanisms in both groups. Divided into seven sections, it addresses important aspects including fundamental concepts; animal and human clocks; clock interactions; clocks and metabolism and immune functions; pineal, melatonin and timekeeping; and clocks, photoperiodism and seasonal behaviours. The book also focuses on biological clock applications in a 24x7 human society, particularly in connection with life-style associated disorders like obesity and diabetes. It is a valuable resource for advanced undergraduates, researchers and professionals engaged in the study of the science of biological timekeeping.
Elle saisit ma main.
Je m'allongeai de nouveau. Lui baisant les yeux, je lui dis : " Tout ce que j'ai de bonheur vient de toi. En dehors de toi, je ne peux imaginer une autre épouse quelle qu'elle soit. Si par quelque magie, j'en revenais à la situation d'avant mon mariage, je te reconnaîtrais malgré tout. " Depuis mon enfance j'avais appris à appeler une vache, une vache. Ainsi après mon mariage, en pleine connaissance de cause, j'avais appris à appeler une épouse, une épouse.
Vinod Kumar Shukla donne une image réaliste de la vie quotidienne d'un Indien de classe moyenne dans une petite ville de l'Inde du Nord. Tout est vrai dans ce récit qui se situe à mi-chemin entre le reportage et le roman. L'humour toujours présent n'est jamais amer, même lorsqu'il dénonce implicitement certaines injustices ou abus. Écrit à la première personne dans un style simple et vivant, sans doute partiellement autobiographique, ce livre laisse l'impression agréable d'un contact avec une âme lucide mais sereine.
This book presents a systematic study of the synthesis of optically active polymers, discussing in detail the syntheses of three different types of optically active polymers from helical polymers, dendronized polymers and other types of polymeric compounds. It also explains the syntheses of optically active azoaromatic and carbazole-containing azoaromatic polymers and copolymers; optically active benzodithiophene; and optically active porphyrin derivatives. The final chapter discusses different properties of optically active polymers such as nonlinear optical properties, chiroptical properties, vapochromic behaviour, absorption and emission properties, fabrication and photochromic properties. The intrinsic details of various properties of optically active polymers will offer a valuable resource for researchers and industry personnel actively engaged in application-oriented investigations.
This book is a comprehensive, interdisciplinary resource for the latest information on implantable medical devices, and is intended for graduate students studying electrical engineering, electronic instrumentation, and biomedical engineering. It is also appropriate for academic researchers, professional engineers, practicing doctors, and paramedical staff. Divided into two sections on Basic Concepts and Principles, and Applications, the first section provides an all-embracing perspective of the electronics background necessary for this work. The second section deals with pacing techniques used for the heart, brain, spinal cord, and the network of nerves that interlink the brain and spinal cord with the major organs, including ear and eye prostheses.
The four main offshoots of implantable electronics, which this book discusses, are:The insertion of an implantable neural amplifier for accurate recording of neural signals for neuroengineering studies
The use of implantable pulse generators for pacing the activities of diseased organsThe use of implantable sensors for observing the influence of therapy and monitoring a patient's biological parametersThe use of drug delivery systems to supervise the supply of accurate doses of medicine to affected parts
Readers will also find chapters on the essentials of clocking and timing circuits, pulse generator circuits, neural amplifiers, batteries, biomaterials and biocompatibility, and more. Unique to this book is also a chapter on cyber security and confidentiality concerns with implants. End-of-chapter questions and exercises help readers apply the content to practical use, making this an ideal book for anyone wishing to learn more about implantable devices.
Keeping nanoelectronics in focus, this book looks at interrelated fields namely nanomagnetics, nanophotonics, nanomechanics and nanobiotechnology, that go hand-in-hand or are likely to be utilized in future in various ways for backing up or strengthening nanoelectronics. Complementary nanosciences refer to the alternative nanosciences that can be combined with nanoelectronics. The book brings students and researchers from multiple disciplines (and therefore with disparate levels of knowledge, and, more importantly, lacunae in this knowledge) together and to expose them to the essentials of integrative nanosciences. The central idea is that the five identified disciplines overlap significantly and arguably cohere into one fundamental nanotechnology discipline. The book caters to interdisciplinary readership in contrast to many of the existing nanotechnology related books that relate to a specific discipline. The book lays special emphasis on nanoelectronics since this field has advanced most rapidly amongst all the nanotechnology disciplines and with significant commercial pervasion. In view of the significant impact that nanotechnology is predicted to have on society, the topics and their interrelationship in this book are of considerable interest and immense value to students, professional engineers, and reserachers.
This book highlights the rightful role of citizens as per the constitution of the country for participation in Governance of a smart city using electronic means such as high speed fiber optic networks, the internet, and mobile computing as well as Internet of Things that have the ability to transform the dominant role of citizens and technology in smart cities. These technologies can transform the way in which business is conducted, the interaction of interface with citizens and academic institutions, and improve interactions between business, industry, and city government.
This book offers a comprehensive overview of the reprocessing of spent nuclear fuels, and discusses the applications of radiation, particularly spallation neutrons and gamma rays. The unspent nuclear fuel of a reactor amounts to roughly 95 per cent of the loaded fuel. It contains both fertile and fissile fuels, minor and higher actinides and radioactive fission products. In 2015, out of approximately 4 million metric tons of spent fuel, only 90,000 metric tons was reprocessed worldwide; the rest was either sent to repositories, kept for cooling down, or put on a waiting list for future reprocessing. With regard to the direct reutilization of spent nuclear fuel, the new technique of `Energy Amplifiers' has attracted considerable attention among the nuclear energy community. Presenting extensive information on this technique, the book is divided into eight major sections: (i) spent nuclear fuel and alternative transmutation methods, (ii) general concept of accelerator-driven subcritical systems (ADSS), (iii) spallation neutron sources and the possibility of incineration, (iv) requirements for nuclear data, (v) transmutation of spent nuclear fuel and extension of the fuel cycle, (vi) spallation neutron production facilities, (vii) major experimental facilities for ADSS, and (viii) software tools for the design and modelling of ADSS. The book is ideally suited as a textbook for graduate students as well as a reference guide for researchers and practitioners.
This book discusses the concept and practice of a smart metropolitan region, and how smart cities promote healthy economic and spatial development. It highlights how smart metropolitan regional development can energize, reorganize and transform the legacy economy into a smart economy; how it can help embrace Information and Communications Technology (ICT); and how it can foster a shared economy. In addition, it outlines how the five pillars of the third industrial revolution can be achieved by smart communities. In addition, the book draws on 16 in-depth city case studies from ten countries to explore the state of the art regarding the smart economy in smart cities - and to apply the lessons learned to shape smart metropolitan economic and spatial development.
This book presents the proceedings of the International Conference on Recent Trends in Materials and Devices, which was conceived as a major contribution to large-scale efforts to foster Indian research and development in the field in close collaboration with the community of non-resident Indian researchers from all over the world. The research articles collected in this volume - selected from among the submissions for their intrinsic quality and originality, as well as for their potential value for further collaborations - document and report on a wide range of recent and significant results for various applications and scientific developments in the areas of Materials and Devices. The technical sessions covered include photovoltaics and energy storage, semiconductor materials and devices, sensors, smart and polymeric materials, optoelectronics, nanotechnology and nanomaterials, MEMS and NEMS, as well as emerging technologies.
This book highlights the electronic governance in a smart city through case studies of cities located in many countries. "E-Government" refers to the use by government agencies of information technologies (such as Wide Area Networks, the Internet, and mobile computing) that have the ability to transform relations with citizens, businesses, and other arms of government. These technologies can serve a variety of different ends: better delivery of government services to citizens, improved interactions with business and industry, citizen empowerment through access to information, or more efficient government management. The resulting benefits are less corruption, increased transparency, greater convenience, revenue growth, and/or cost reductions.
The book is divided into three parts.
o E-Governance State of the Art Studies of many cities
o E-Governance Domains Studies
o E-Governance Tools and Issues
This book discusses the design and practice of environmental resources management for smart cities. Presenting numerous city case studies, it focuses on one specific environmental resource in each city.
Environmental resources are commonly owned properties that require active inputs from the government and the people, and in any smart city their management calls for a synchronous combination of e-democracy, e-governance and IOT (Internet of Things) systems in a 24/7 framework. Smart environmental resources management uses information and communication technologies, the Internet of Things, internet of governance (e-governance) and internet of people (e-democracy) along with conventional resource management tools to achieve coordinated, effective and efficient management, development, and conservation that equitably improves ecological and economic welfare, without compromising the sustainability of development ecosystems and stakeholders.
This book, based on extensive international collaborative research, highlights the state-of-the-art design of smart living for metropolises, megacities, and metacities, as well as at the community and neighbourhood level. Smart living is one of six main components of smart cities, the others being smart people, smart economy, smart environment, smart mobility and smart governance. Smart living in any smart city can only be designed and implemented with active roles for smart people and smart city government, and as a joint effort combining e-Democracy, e-Governance and ICT-IoT systems. In addition to using information and communication technologies, the Internet of Things, Internet of Governance (e-Governance) and Internet of People (e-Democracy), the design of smart living utilizes various domain-specific tools to achieve coordinated, effective and efficient management, development, and conservation, and to improve ecological, social, biophysical, psychological and economic well-being in an equitable manner without compromising the sustainability of development ecosystems and stakeholders. This book presents case studies covering more than 10 cities and centred on domain-specific smart living components. The book is issued in two volumes and this volume focus on community studies and ways and means.
This book attempts to address, explore, and conceptualize the epistemological paradigms of SMS as an alternative marketing channel or in combination with other existing traditional channels. It promotes a multichannel strategy in the light of synthesized marketing distribution, consumer behavior, and information and communication technology (ICT)-related behavioral theory to develop, establish, and launch a guiding theory and practice for this emerging area. Usage of mobile phones and hand-held wireless devices is growing and diffusing so quickly that 21st century marketing managers find a great potential for this wireless channel to be the most effective media for maintaining a consumer relationship that provides the highest quality service. The emergence of SMS-based direct marketing as a distinct channel or embedded with other channels is characterized by several issues, challenges, barriers, and limitations. This book examines and postulates the following interrelated issues related to wireless marketing (particularly the SMS-based marketing channel): (i) Consumer behavior for mobile phone SMS - perception, exposure, and attention; (ii) Consumer attitudes toward SMS-based marketing channels; (iii) The scope of SMS to meet consumer service output demands from an online channel; (iv) Consumer selection criteria for mobile phone SMS channel structure; (v) Mobile channel structure as an efficient and effective consumer interaction mode; and (vi) Consumer multichannel behavior. It is important to use the SMS-based mobile channel as a radical tool of interactive marketing and seamless service marketing, as there is the opportunity to maximize, until now, unutilized benefits of this efficient and popular direct marketing channel.
This book discusses the sequential development of population research in India, focusing on contemporary issues like demography, population studies, geography, sociology, urban studies and many more. It describes the problems related to the underdeveloped regions in India, Nepal and Bangladesh and includes tabular representations of the analyzed data as well as visual representations/illustrations in the form of graphs and maps. Further, it features fascinating case studies on primary field-research experiences. Presenting interdisciplinary contributions, the book is divided into four sections: the first part examines social issues related to health, while the second explores social sustainability, lifestyles, and cultural aspects. The third and fourth sections address migration and quality of life, respectively. The book is of interest to students studying demography, as well as researchers and policymakers in the fields of population studies, geography and sociology.
This book contains selected and peer-reviewed papers presented at the International Conference on Efficient Solar Power Generation and Energy Harvesting (ESPGEH 2019). The primary focus of the book is on latest advances and scientific developments in the field of solar energy. The book covers various topics such as solar photovoltaics, solar energy harvesting, smart materials for energy applications, hybrid renewable energy plant, and on-grid and off-grid power plant. The book also discusses current techniques to produce energy-efficient solar cells, emerging materials and processes to develop cost-effective solar cells, and different issues in energy management. Given the scope of the contents, this book will be of interest for researchers, professionals as well as policy makers.
This book provides an insight in the phenomenon of Mergers and Acquisitions (M&A), including the various forms of corporate restructuring. It highlights the importance of M&A as a strategy for faster growth in the corporate. The book provides an enriched experience of the art of valuation with detailed description of M&A process, deal structuring and financing. The book also provides the broader perspective of Accounting and Regulatory aspects of M&A. While covering the conceptual underpinnings of M&A, the book supplements it with real life examples on each sub-topic with various numeric examples. Thus the judicious blend of theory and practical aspects, through numerical as well as real life case-studies, make the book a source of vast knowledge in the complicated and dynamic world of M&A.
This book is a collection of selected research papers presented at the International Conference on Innovations in Electrical and Electronics Engineering (ICIEEE 2019), which was organized by the Guru Nanak Institutions, Ibrahimpatnam, Hyderabad, Telangana, India, on July 26-27, 2019. The book highlights the latest developments in electrical and electronics engineering, especially in the areas of power systems, power electronics, control systems, electrical machinery, and renewable energy. The solutions discussed here will encourage and inspire researchers, industry professionals, and policymakers to put these methods into practice.
This book is the third volume on this subject and focuses on the recent advances of nanopharmaceuticals in cancer, dental, dermal and drug delivery applications and presents their safety, toxicity and therapeutic efficacy. The book also includes the transport phenomenon of nanomaterials and important pathways for drug delivery applications. It goes on to explain the toxicity of nanoparticles to different physiological systems and methods used to assess this for different organ systems using examples of in vivo systems.
This book presents the comprehensive description of basic principles, methodologies, similarities and differences of nano-liposomes and -phytosomes. It focuses on the implications of these nano carriers in drug delivery and also includes detailed classification of nanoinonized drug particles, polymeric nanoparticles and hydrophobic nanoparticles. This book concludes with the biological, technical and study-design challenges of Nanopharmaceuticals and presents critical viewpoints of smart DNA nanostructures. The risk factors and regulatory concerns have also been kept in focus and the book includes the toxicity and application of different types of ionic liquids for humans and environment. It also critically describes characteristics, applications and regulatory gaps of nanoparticle-ionic liquid combined systems.
This book discusses the biological, technical and study-design challenges of Nanopharmaceuticals. Chapters of this book are dedicated to supermagentic iron oxide nanoparticles for the diagnosis of brain, breast, gastric, ovarian, liver, colorectal, lung and pancreatic cancers. It also includes a brief introduction to magnetic resonance imaging and ends with the future prospective of iron oxide nanoparticles in cancer detection. The book also provides a critical discussion on `Computational sequence design for DNA nanostructures' and gives a brief introduction about the skin delivery. A detailed discussion has been included about the different types of nanocarriers such as micells, microemulsions, nanoemulsions, polymeric and lipid based nanoparticles. Focussing on the safety concerns of nanomedicine it also covers the safety issues, clinical benefits, ecotoxicity and regulatory frame work of nanopharmaceuticals.
A comprehensive and "state-of-the-art" coverage of the design and fabrication of IGBT. All-in-one resource Explains the fundamentals of MOS and bipolar physics. Covers IGBT operation, device and process design, power modules, and new IGBT structures.
This book describes the fundamentals of microfluidics and fabrication methods of microfluidic devices that can be adopted for animal-assisted reproduction. It presents microfluidic methods for sorting highly fertile spermatozoa. This book also describes the application of microfluidics in vitro fertilization and embryo culture. It discusses the use of microfluidics in sperm sexing and the cryopreservation of animal gametes and embryos. Lastly, the book examines the potential opportunities of microfluidics in infertility diagnosis, sperm selection and guidance, oocyte selection, insemination, and embryo monitoring.
This volume provides insight into the pivotal roles of stem cells, exosomes and other microvesicles in biofunction and molecular mechanisms and their therapeutic potential in translational nanomedicine. It further highlights evidence from recent studies as to how stem cell derived exosomes and microRNAs may restore and maintain tissue homeostasis, enable cells to recover critical cellular functions and begin repair regeneration. These early studies in animal models of aging also show evidence of improved immune, cardiovascular and cognitive functions as well as improved health span and life span. The use of exosomes from body fluids to define specific biomarkers for various tumors may also clear the path to patient-targeted treatments by developing exosome-derived microRNA based cancer therapeutics. It is essential reading for graduate students, research fellow and biomedical researchers in academia or the pharmaceutical or biotech industries.
The present book highlights studies that show how smart cities promote urban economic development. The book surveys the state of the art of Smart City Economic Development through a literature survey. The book uses 13 in depth city research case studies in 10 countries such as the North America, Europe, Africa and Asia to explain how a smart economy changes the urban spatial system and vice versa. This book focuses on exploratory city studies in different countries, which investigate how urban spatial systems adapt to the specific needs of smart urban economy. The theory of smart city economic development is not yet entirely understood and applied in metropolitan regional plans. Smart urban economies are largely the result of the influence of ICT applications on all aspects of urban economy, which in turn changes the land-use system. It points out that the dynamics of smart city GDP creation takes `different paths,' which need further empirical study, hypothesis testing and mathematical modelling. Although there are hypotheses on how smart cities generate wealth and social benefits for nations, there are no significant empirical studies available on how they generate urban economic development through urban spatial adaptation. This book with 13 cities research studies is one attempt to fill in the gap in knowledge base.